The first ever image of M87-Supermassive Black Hole was produced by “The Event Horizon Telescope” which released in 2019. The first released image showed the bright ring and dark region at the center. The dark region at the center is the shadow of the black hole. The telescope has now reviled the new view of the supermassive object: how it looks in the polarized light. Before going in details of it lets go to the previously available information about this object. Messier 87 which is also known as Virgo A and it is generally abbreviated to M87. It is supergiant elliptical galaxy in the local universe. It is 53 million light years from the earth and it is the second brightest galaxy.
The core of the galaxy contains a super massive black hole and its mass is billions of times of our Sun. In April 2019, the first ever image of this supermassive object was released and according to The Event Horizon Telescope collaboration the black hole has a mass equal to six and a half billion Suns. The disk around the black hole is composed of ionized gases. The velocity of this disk is about 1000 km/s and its maximum diameter is 3.7 trillion km, the distance of Pluto from Sun is 5.8 billion km, indeed the disk is enormous.
Polarized Image of Supermassive Black Hole
The recently released image of the black hole showed the new view of this massive object. The astronomers for the first time are able to measure the polarization and the signature of the magnetic field. This newly released image explains how M87 is able to launch jets from its core. The image shows how magnetic fields behave around the black hole. The image shows the polarized view of the black hole.
The lines show orientation of the polarization. It is related to the magnetic field around the shadow of the black hole. This polarized light carries the information which will help scientists to understand better the physics behind image released in the year 2019. To unveil this new polarized image it required a lot of work and years, as complex techniques were involved in obtaining and analysing the data. According to the EHT member, the newly published image will help to understand how magnetic fields allow the black hole to eat the matter and launch jets. These jets are composed of energy and matter, they emerge from the core and the extend to more than 5000 light years. The astronomers still don’t know how exactly the jets larger than the galaxy are launched form the central region of the black hole.